What causes colour loss and what can I do to prevent it?
Before going into the reasons behind colour fading, and the solutions, let’s look at the hair strand. Think of the hair as a tube. Now take hair colour and think of each colour molecule as a marble. When you chemically alter your hair colour, you are filling that tube with marbles. Over time, as you wash, style and wear, the marbles are constantly being shed.
But what causes these marbles to shed? Well, here are the biggest culprits:
The absolute, number one reason for colour fading, is bad shampoo. They contain sulfates that are added to the shampoo to obtain proper cleaning, but it would be like washing your hair with Sunlight Liquid. Research has shown that sulfates are not necessary to get clean, oil-free hair. Rather opt for a sulfate free shampoo or a shampoo without the harshest two types of sulfates, namely Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS) or Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLES). We recommend the Karyn Deep Shine Shampoo which is Sulphate free or the Pro Colour Shampoo which is SLS/SLES free.
Read more about bad ingredients: https://nebeau.co.za/shampoo-bomb-in-a-bottle/
Over shampooing is another common reason for colour fading. Not only will it fade your colour but it is extremely bad for the health of the hair. Unless you have extremely oily scalp or use products that leave a heavy residue on the hair, you do not have to shampoo every day. Every 2-3 days is quite sufficient. If you can stretch it any more, even better. To help you with the stretch, we recommend the Keratin Instant Dry Shampoo that you could use in-between washes to keep the dirt at bay.
Could co-washing be the answer? Read more here: https://nebeau.co.za/is-co-washing-the-next-best-thing-for-your-hair/
Thermal styling tools
Styling with heat is another colour fading culprit. Those flat irons we all love so much are doing a number not only on the health of your hair but even more on the cosmetic colour. Heat damages the cuticle and exposes the cortex, allowing pigments to slip out. Use a heat protectant spray like the Style-in Thermal spray or a leave-in treatment like the Inebrya Black Pepper range. Not only is the Black Pepper a thermal protection system but the breakthrough technology will reconstruct and regenerate you hair while keeping it straight until your next wash, thus no need for the flat iron to tame the frizz.
We all know the damage that the harmful UV rays in sunlight can do to our skin. Our hair is even more exposed as it faces the harmful rays “head-on”. Cover up with a hat or scarf or if you do not want your beautiful mane to be hidden away, at least use a product with a good UV filter. Studies show that having a UV filter in a hair care product can reduce colour fading by up to 40%. Look for products containing ingredients like Benzyl Salicylate or Panthenol. Most leave-in conditioners and serums contain a UV filter. We recommend the Pro Color Serum or the Argan Bi-phase conditioner (for finer hair).
Yes, those lights you sit under all day at work will fade your hair colour as it also contains harmful UV rays. Using a product with UV protection will combat the colour loss.
Chemicals in your water, such as chlorine, will also fade your hair colour. Chlorine is highly alkaline and will open the hair cuticle, exposing the cortex and allowing cosmetic colour to seep out. In such a case it is necessary to use a conditioner with a very low pH to properly seal the cuticle. We recommend the Pro Colour Cream – with its pH of 3.5 it will closely seal the cuticle, keeping all pigments nicely inside the shaft.
Everyone enjoys a crisp, fall breeze, but are we prepared for the colour fading that comes with it? Much like washing your hair, high winds and drier temperatures can be especially damaging if your hair isn’t properly prepped for the day. Before heading out, lightly mist your hair down and apply a moisturizing serum to your lengths and ends.
Poor colour service
If you colour your hair at home with box colour or if an un-qualified person performs the colour service for you, you could be faced with major problems:
- Improper consideration of hair porosity: Prior to colouring, it’s important to determine the health of the hair. Damaged hair is very porous which means that it will grab the colour quickly and as a result would come out darker than you anticipated. Also, porous hair will lose the cosmetic pigments quicker, thus faster colour fading. For optimum colour results hair needs to be in a healthy condition. So if you want your colour to last a protein or moisturizing treatment may be needed before you colour. This will help “fill in” empty spaces in the hair and give the colour molecules a better anchor point, resulting in longer colour results.
- Poor quality pigments: In order or save cost and make products financially viable, manufacturers sometimes need to compensate on the quality of the ingredients. So they substitute pure pigments with colour laden with metals and/or pPD. But if you use poor quality pigments you cannot expect high quality cosmetic colour. And if your cosmetic colour is poor to begin with, you cannot really expect it to last.
- Insufficient processing time: A common reason behind fast-fading hair colour is insufficient processing time, meaning the hair colour did not stay on long enough. This especially holds true if you or your client have grey hair. Grey hair cuticles are tightly packed down, and take longer to open and absorb artificial hair colour molecules. The box does not clearly specify what to do in cases like these and you might not get the result that you were looking for.
Moral of the story: Get a professional to perform the colour service. That is what they are trained to do.
Shampooing too soon after a colour service
Remember to wait at least 24 hours after a colour service before washing your hair. Shampoo has an alkaline pH which will open the cuticle, and you want to keep it closed for as long as possible.